Unique Museum Honors America’s Most Notable Women
Discover the legacy and contributions of some of history’s most renowned women at the National First Ladies Library, the first and only U.S. archive of its kind. Repository of scholarly information & education about the First Ladies of the US.
Presidential liaisons. Fashion trendsetters. Champions of social reform. Although America’s First Ladies play a significant role in history, no one facility was dedicated to documenting and celebrating their achievements until the National First Ladies’ Library was established in 1996.
Located in Canton, Ohio, the First Ladies National Historic Site is a partnership between the National Park Service and National First Ladies’ Library. Tours of the historic site include the beautifully restored Saxton McKinley house – a residence of the 25th U.S. President William McKinley and his wife, Ida Saxton McKinley – and the nearby Education and Research Center (ERC) in the former City National Bank Building, built in 1895.
Education and Research Center Showcases Presidential China, White House Menus, First Ladies’ Gowns and More
The 90-minute tour begins at the ERC with the two floors that are open to the public. The main level features
- Frequently updated exhibits that center on First Ladies’ interests and accomplishments;
- Presidential china from Monroe, Polk, Lincoln, Eisenhower, and other administrations;
- White House menu cards and wine lists; and
- Gowns that belonged to the 19th-century as well as more contemporary First Ladies.
On the basement level (which once housed public baths, a barbershop, and a shoe-shine stand), visitors can observe a collection of First Ladies’ inaugural gowns in miniature – from Martha Washington to Nancy Reagan – created by Evyan, maker of White Shoulders perfume. In addition, the facility’s oldest piece in its permanent collection, a Reproduco pipe organ and piano (circa 1860), is on display in a 70-seat Nickelodeon theatre where the museum often hosts special events, such as film festivals and historic reenactments.
Saxton House Features First Ladies’ Bios, 19th-Century Wallpaper and McKinley Pieces
Just a short walk from the ERC is the fully restored ancestral home of the Saxtons, one of Canton’s wealthiest families. James Saxton, the father of First Lady Ida Saxton McKinley, built the home in 1840 and later left it to his daughter Mary Saxton Barber, who raised seven children there. The McKinleys also lived in the home at length throughout William’s political career (although not the site of his famous 1896 Front Porch Campaign), and Ida later returned after her husband’s assassination in 1901.
Mary Barber’s grandson Marsh Belden saved the Saxton House from the wrecking ball in 1972, investing $1.5 million to restore the exterior that had been marred by a commercial storefront. Mary Regula, the wife of now-retired U.S. Congressman Ralph Regula, helped raise funding for interior restoration.
Visitors to the Saxton House can enjoy
- The third-floor ballroom with a photo and biography of each First Lady of White House Hostess;
- More than 30 meticulous reproductions of 19th-century wallpaper, including designs by William Morris and a hand-painted, hand-embossed pattern that Ida chose for the White House;
- A formal parlor, library, sitting room, bedroom, dining room, breakfast room, and kitchen with several family pieces;
- Ida’s gowns, which emphasized her 18-inch waist; and
- A First Ladies’ thimble collection and several of Ida’s fans (she had more than 200).
Plan Ahead to Tour National First Ladies’ Historic Site
Because of the limited tour size, advance reservations are recommended. Groups of six or more must make a reservation. The site is closed on Mondays.
To plan a visit to the National First Ladies’ Historic Site and learn more about the First Ladies themselves, visit the National First Ladies’ Library comprehensive Web site.
Other nearby attractions include downtown art galleries and unique restaurants, Pro Football Hall of Fame, Wm. McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, McKinley Monument, Canton Classic Car Museum, Canton Museum of Art, Harry London Candies, Hoover Historical Center, and MAPS Air Museum.
First Ladies National Historic Site
205 Market Ave S, Canton, OH 44702
Phone: (330) 452-0876